Reports by FLAAR Mesoamerica
on Flora & Fauna of Parque Nacional Yaxha Nakum Naranjo
Peten, and Livingston, Guatemala, Central America

Bibliography on Hummingbirds of Mesoamerica

Hummingbirds are one of the largest and most diverse groups of birds in the world. They belong to the Order of Apodiformes (from the Greek a “without” and podos “feet”, for the small size of their feet) and are agrouped in the family Trochillidae (from the Greek Trokhilos or “small bird”). This family is distributed exclusively in the Americas and around 330 species have been described (Del Corzo & Berlanga, 2014).

This bibliography has been prepared with helpful references to introduce yourself to the subject of hummingbirds and get to know some species that occurs in Mesoamerica, particularly in Mexico and Guatemala.


PDF, Articles, Books on Hummingbirds of Mesoamerica






  • GARCÍA, Jaime, CORTÉS, Nandadeví, GARCÍA, Gabriela and Blanca HERNÁNDEZ
  • 2006
  • Local origin and diversification among Lampornis hummingbirds: A Mesoamerican taxon. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 488-498.

    Available Online:




  • RODRÍGUEZ, Flor and Juan Francisco ORNELAS
  • 2013
  • Genetic divergence of the Mesoamerican azure‐crowned hummingbird (Amazilia cyanocephala, Trochilidae) across the Motagua‐Polochic‐Jocotán fault system. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. Volume 52, Issue 2 p. 142-153

    Available Online:




Baby hummingbird on nest, at Reserva Tapon Creek Livingston. Photograph by David Arrivillaga with a Sony A7R IV camera, FE 200-600mm F5.6-6.3 G OSS lens, 524mm, 1/250 sec, f/9, ISO 2000


Photograph by David Arrivillaga with a Canon EOS Xsi camera, Canon EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6 IS USM lens, 300mm, 1/320 sec, f/5.6, ISO 400


Photograph by David Arrivillaga with a Canon EOS-1D X Mark II camera, Canon EF 300mm f/2.8L IS II USM lens, 300mm, 1/1250 sec, f/2.8, ISO 2000


Suggested web pages with photos and information on
Hummingbirds in Mesoamerica
Hummingbirds in Mesoamerica
Checklist of Hummingbirds in Guatemala
Hummingbirds nests information
Hummingbirds nests information



First posted June, 2021.
Bibliography prepared by Vivian Hurtado, FLAAR Mesoamerica

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